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Q9. Asperger syndrome

It is named after Austrian pediatrician Hans Asperger who, in 1944, studied and described children who lacked nonverbal communication skills, demonstrated limited empathy with their peers, and were physically clumsy.

Essential features:

  1. severe and sustained impairment in social interaction (Criterion A)
  2. development of restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, and activities (Criterion B)
  3. The disturbance must cause clinically significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning (Criterion C). 
  4. There are no clinically significant delays or deviance in language acquisition (e.g., single non-echoed words are used communicatively by age 2 years, and spontaneous communicative phrases are used by age 3 years) (Criterion D), although more subtle aspects of social communication (e.g., ty pical give-and-take in conversation) may be affected. 
  5. In addition, during the first 3 years of life, there are no clinically significant delays in cognitive development as manifested by expressing normal curiosity about the environment or in the acquisition of age-appropriate learning s kills and adaptive behaviors (other than in social interaction) (Criterion E).
The diagnosis of Asperger's was replaced by a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder on a severity scale, in (DSM-5).

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