Q9. Types of direct observation
Direct observation techniques involve obtaining actual samples of the individual’s behavior (Cohen & Swerdik, 2002).
The various types of direct observation are as follows:
- Naturalistic observation: involve viewing the individual’s behavior in real-life settings (e.g, psychiatric hospitals, work settings, and classrooms).
- Controlled observations: involve evaluating behavior in more structured situations (i.e, a laboratory room.)
- Role playing: which combines the naturalistic and controlled observational method, involves a person playing an assigned role for the purpose of assessing the individual’s behavior in various situations
They can also be classified as:
- Time allocation: Researchers randomly visit selected locations to observe people performing tasks without their knowledge.
- Continuous monitoring: Researchers observe the subject(s) and record their behavior either manually, electronically, or in both ways, to the maximum possible extent.
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The Psychology of Personality: Viewpoints, Research, and Applications By Bernardo J. Carducci
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