Showing posts from September, 2016

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q18

Q18. Narrative therapy Narrative therapy is a form of psychotherapy using narrative developed by Michael White and David Epston. It includes a discussion of how a problem has been disrupting, dominating, or discouraging the person. 
The therapist attempts to separate clients from their problems so that they do not adopt a fixed view of their identities. Gaps, incompleteness, and incoherence in the client’s life story may indicate struggles in creating an integrated experience of self-in the-world. Clients are invited to view their stories from different perspectives and eventually to co-create an alternative life story. Clients are asked to find evidence to support a new view of themselves as being competent enough to escape the dominance of a problem and are encouraged to consider what kind of future could be expected from the competent person that is emerging.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q17

Q17. Psychotherapy integration Psychotherapy integration can be defined as an attempt to look beyond the confines of single-school approaches to see what can be learned from other perspectives (Stricker, 1994). It is characterized by an openness to various ways of integrating diverse theories and techniques. 

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q16

Q16. Multiple family group therapy
Multiple Family Group Therapy (MFGT), initially developed by Dr. H. Peter Laqueur in his work with hospitalized schizophrenic patients in the 1950's, emerged as a form of intervention adjunct to the treatment of serious mental disorders with biological basis.

It involves working with a collection of families in a group setting. MFGT combines the power of group process with the systems focus of family therapy and is suited to work with families facing similar problems (schizophrenia, chemical dependence, domestic violence, sexual abuse etc.)

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q15

Q15. Multimodal therapy
The most influential and important integrative approach that is representative of technical eclecticism is multimodal therapy, described by Arnold Lazarus in 1992. It was derived from his experiences as a behavior therapist, and his follow-up studies of patients who relapsed after seemingly successful behavioral treatment.

He found that most behavioral problems had extensive psychological and social causes and correlates. Seeking to expand the range of his ability to work in a more “broad spectrum” way, Lazarus arrived at a multimodal, or broad-based, eclectic therapy.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q14

Q14. Self-monitoring Self-monitoring requires clients to be mindful of the “what,” “where,” “when,” and “why” of the behavior they have targeted for change and to keep a careful and detailed record of their thoughts, feelings, actions and their environment at the moment that behavior occurred. Clients are also asked to keep track of the antecedents and consequences of their behaviors. 
It is useful when direct observation by another party is limited or not possible. 

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q13

Q13. Counter conditioning
A classical conditioning procedure in which a stimulus that formerly elicited one response (e.g., pleasure) is conditioned to elicit a different response (e.g., nausea). Sometimes used in the treatment of paraphilias and substance use disorders.

Basically, it involves weakening or eliminating an undesired response by introducing and strengthening a second response that is incompatible with it.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q12

Q12. Negative Punishment
Negative punishment occurs when the removal or prevention of delivery of a stimulus, termed a negative punisher, weakens the behavior that produced this consequence. In contrast to positive punishment that occurs when the presentation of a stimulus, termed a positive punisher, weakens the behavior that caused this consequence to occur.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q11

Q11. Defining features of short term therapies Short-term therapy, is a generic label for any form of therapy in which time is an explicit element in treatment planning.

Defining features:

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q10

Q10. Existential therapy Existential therapy reacts against the tendency to view therapy as a system of well-defined techniques; it affirms looking at those unique characteristics that make us human and building therapy on them. It focuses on exploring themes such as mortality, freedom, responsibility, self-determination, anxiety, and aloneness, as these relate to a person’s current struggle.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q9

Q9. Technical neutrality Neutrality was first formally defined by Anna Freud (1936, p. 28), who said that in doing his work the analyst "takes his stand at a point equidistant from the id, the ego, and the superego." Offering what is perhaps the most comprehensive formulation of neutrality that has appeared to date, Schafer lists six characteristics of the neutral position: 

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q8

Q8. Discuss the importance of psychotherapies with reference to cancer and AIDS patients.
As treatment for cancer has become more effective, it is better thought of as a chronic rather than a terminal illness. However, it is a progressive disease, and approximately half of all people diagnosed with cancer will eventually die of it. On the other hand, the treatment of AIDS is still being researched. The patients of both these and other terminally-ill diseases need care. Care is “the process of helping ill people with cancer and AIDS live as well and as long as possible.”

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q7

Q7. What do you understand by attachment based interventions? Discuss the technique used in attachment based interventions.
Attachment-based interventions are based on attachment theory, originated by John Bowlby. These range from individual therapeutic approaches to public health programs to interventions specifically designed for foster cares.
Following are approaches used by mainstream attachment theorists and clinicians aimed at infants or children who have developed or are at risk of developing less desirable, insecure attachment styles or an attachment disorder.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q6

Q6. What are the basic features of solution focused therapy? Discuss the treatment principles of solution focused therapy.
Steve deShazer conceptualized therapy as a search for solutions rather than an exploration and analysis of problems. This solution-focused approach, can be readily adapted to the single-session framework.
By focusing on client goals and quickly initiating a search for imagined or experienced exceptions to client patterns, solution-focused therapists are able to quickly move treatment to an action phase, greatly abbreviating the change process.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q5

Q5. Discuss the process of cognitive behaviour therapies.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy is an action-oriented form of psychosocial therapy that assumes that maladaptive, or faulty, thinking patterns cause maladaptive behavior and "negative" emotions. The treatment focuses on changing an individual's thoughts (cognitive patterns) in order to change his or her behavior and emotional state.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q4

Q4. Discuss the techniques used in interpersonal therapy.
It is the focus on extra-therapeutic interpersonal relationships rather than any particular intervention which characterizes IPT. Not surprisingly, given its psychodynamic roots, IPT incorporates a number of “traditional” psychotherapeutic methods, such as exploration, clarification, and even some directive techniques.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q3

Q3. What are the goals of client centered therapy? Discuss the process adopted in client centered therapy.
Client-centered therapy differs from other forms of therapy because client-centered therapy does not focus on therapeutic techniques. What's most important in client-centered therapy is the quality of the relationship between the therapist and the client.

Client-centered therapy was not intended for a specific age group or subpopulation, but has been used to treat a broad range of people. It has been applied for use with people suffering from depression, anxiety, alcohol disorders, cognitive dysfunction, schizophrenia, and personality disorders.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q2

Q2. Discuss the concept and applications of behaviour modification. What are the various methods used in behaviour modification? Explain with suitable examples.
Behavior modification is the use of empirically demonstrated behavior change techniques to increase or decrease the frequency of behaviors, such as altering an individual's behaviors and reactions to stimuli through positive and negative reinforcement of adaptive behavior and/or the reduction of behavior through its extinction, punishment and/or satiation.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q1

Q1. Discuss the basic tenets of psychoanalytic therapy. How do neo-psychoanalytic models differ from Freud’s psychoanalysis?
Psychoanalytic or psychodynamic psychotherapy draws on theories and practices of analytical psychology and psychoanalysis. It is a therapeutic process which helps patients understand and resolve their problems by increasing awareness of their inner world and its influence over relationships both past and present. It differs from most other therapies in aiming for deep seated change in personality and emotional development.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE012 >> Q18

Q18. ‘Pull’ of TAT Cards
The TAT cards tend to draw certain patterns of response that constitute their “card pull”. Some key aspects of card pull are:

most people take note of certain features of each card e.g. the violin in Card (1), but rarely mention certain other features e.g. the horse in Card (2). TAT pictures commonly suggest certain themes or plots in the stories that are told to them.many of the pictures remind people of issues in their lives (e.g.. parent-child relationships) or particular concerns they have e.g. managing anger. 

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE012 >> Q17

Q17. Rorschach Inkblot Method
Rorschach test is a psychometric tool that uses a series of inkblots shown to a subject, and elicits verbal responses as to what the individual sees in the images.

It consists of ten symmetrical inkblots. The cards are presented individually and in a set order. Subject is instructed to report what the figures resemble or suggest to him. Responses to each card are recorded verbatim and reaction times are noted. Then an inquiry is conducted where the subject identifies the characteristics of the stimuli which affected his associations. Subject responses are used to determine a set of variables, which are used to define their personality along a set of various axes. Various aspects of responses are scored ex: location, relative size of the blot area, use of color and shading, presence of movement etc.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE012 >> Q16

Q16. The Edwards Personal Preference Schedule
Developed by psychologist and University of Washington professor Allen L. Edwards, the Edwards Personal Preference Schedule (EPPS) is a forced choice, objective, non-projective personality inventory. The target audience in between the ages of 16-85 and takes about 45 minutes to complete.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE012 >> Q15

Q15. Sentence Completion Test
Sentence completion tests (Ex: Rotter & Wilierman 1947) are a class of semi-structured projective techniques. Sentence completion tests typically provide respondents with beginnings of sentences, referred to as “stems,” and respondents then complete the sentences in ways that are meaningful to them. The responses are believed to provide indications of attitudes, beliefs, motivations, or other mental states. It enables the respondents to disclose their concealed feelings.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE012 >> Q14

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA), offers a common language and standard criteria for the classification of mental disorders. It is used, or relied upon, by clinicians, researchers, psychiatric drug regulation agencies, health insurance companies, pharmaceutical companies, the legal system, and policy makers.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE012 >> Q13

The BRIEF-P is the first standardized rating scale designed to specifically measure the range of behavioral manifestations of executive function in preschool-aged children--thus facilitating intervention at earlier stages of development.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE012 >> Q12

Q12. SOI
Sociosexuality as a concept was introduced by Alfred Kinsey to describe differences in individuals’ tendency to engage in uncommitted sexual relationships.

Simpson and Gangestad constructed the Sociosexual Orientation Inventory (SOI) in 1991. The SOI was constructed as a one dimensional bipolar measure that consisted of 7 items regarding past sexual behaviors, expected number of future sexual partners, frequency of sexual fantasies, and attitudes toward casual sex.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE012 >> Q11

Q11. Raven’s Progressive Matrices
Raven's Progressive Matrices (often referred to simply as Raven's Matrices) are multiple choice intelligence tests of abstract reasoning, originally developed by Dr. John C. Raven in 1936. In each test item, the subject is asked to identify the missing item that completes a pattern. Many patterns are presented in the form of a 4x4, 3x3, or 2x2 matrix, giving the test its name.