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Influence: The Psychology of Persuasion by Robert B. Cialdini >> Book review and free preview

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Title Influence: The Psychology of Persuasion
Rating Green
Genre Non-Fiction, Psychology, Marketing, Business
Author Robert B. Cialdini
Publisher Harper Business

The Guide: Managing Douchebags, Recruiting Wingmen and Attracting Who You Want by Rosalind Wiseman >> Book review and free eBook

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Title: The Guide: Managing Douchebags, Recruiting Wingmen and Attracting Who You Want
Rating: Green
Genre: Non-Fiction, Teenager Issues, Psychology, Self-Help
Author: Rosalind Wiseman
Publisher: Barnes and Noble, Amazon, Kindle, iTunes, Google Play, Kobo, Nook, Vook

Seeing Ourselves Through Technology: How We Use Selfies, Blogs and Wearable Devices to See and Shape Ourselves by Jill Walker Rettberg >> Book review and free eBook

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Title: Seeing Ourselves Through Technology: How We Use Selfies, Blogs and Wearable Devices to See and Shape Ourselves
Rating: Yellow
Genre: Non-Fiction, Technology, Psychology, Social-media
Author: Jill Walker Rettberg
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan UK, Amazon

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IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 Full

Psychotherapeutic Methods for IGNOU students from MS Ahluwalia
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In a hurry? Download the full solved IGNOU assignments from the links below>>MPC001: Cognitive Psychology
MPC002: LifeSpan Psychology
MPC003: Personality: Theories and Assessment
MPC004: Advanced Social Psychology
MPC005: Research Methods in Psychology
MPC006: Statistics in Psychology
MPCE011: Psychopathology
MPCE012: Psychodiagnostics
MPCE013: Psychotherapeutic Methods
MPCE021: Counselling Psychology (not uploaded yet)
MPCE022: Assessment in Counselling and Guidance (not uploaded yet) MPCE023: Interventions in Counselling (not uploaded yet) MPCE031: Organisational Behaviour (not uploaded yet) MPCE032: Human Resource Development (not uploaded yet) MPCE033: Organisational Development (not uploaded yet)
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IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE012 Full

Psychodiagnostics for IGNOU students from MS Ahluwalia
If you found this useful, do remember to like Psychology Learners on Facebook and subscribe by email.

In a hurry? Download the full solved IGNOU assignments from the links below>>MPC001: Cognitive Psychology
MPC002: LifeSpan Psychology
MPC003: Personality: Theories and Assessment
MPC004: Advanced Social Psychology
MPC005: Research Methods in Psychology
MPC006: Statistics in Psychology
MPCE011: Psychopathology
MPCE012: Psychodiagnostics
MPCE013: Psychotherapeutic Methods
MPCE021: Counselling Psychology (not uploaded yet)
MPCE022: Assessment in Counselling and Guidance (not uploaded yet) MPCE023: Interventions in Counselling (not uploaded yet) MPCE031: Organisational Behaviour (not uploaded yet) MPCE032: Human Resource Development (not uploaded yet) MPCE033: Organisational Development (not uploaded yet)
For 'SuperNotes' click here.

For Free eBook previews click here.

For other IGNOU MAPC material click here.

For IGNOU related info…

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE011 Full

Psychopathology for IGNOU students from MS Ahluwalia
If you found this useful, do remember to like Psychology Learners on Facebook and subscribe by email.

In a hurry? Download the full solved IGNOU assignments from the links below>>MPC001: Cognitive Psychology
MPC002: LifeSpan Psychology
MPC003: Personality: Theories and Assessment
MPC004: Advanced Social Psychology
MPC005: Research Methods in Psychology
MPC006: Statistics in Psychology
MPCE011: Psychopathology
MPCE012: Psychodiagnostics
MPCE013: Psychotherapeutic Methods
MPCE021: Counselling Psychology (not uploaded yet)
MPCE022: Assessment in Counselling and Guidance (not uploaded yet) MPCE023: Interventions in Counselling (not uploaded yet) MPCE031: Organisational Behaviour (not uploaded yet) MPCE032: Human Resource Development (not uploaded yet) MPCE033: Organisational Development (not uploaded yet)
For 'SuperNotes' click here.

For Free eBook previews click here.

For other IGNOU MAPC material click here.

For IGNOU related inform…

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q18

Q18. Narrative therapy Narrative therapy is a form of psychotherapy using narrative developed by Michael White and David Epston. It includes a discussion of how a problem has been disrupting, dominating, or discouraging the person. 
The therapist attempts to separate clients from their problems so that they do not adopt a fixed view of their identities. Gaps, incompleteness, and incoherence in the client’s life story may indicate struggles in creating an integrated experience of self-in the-world. Clients are invited to view their stories from different perspectives and eventually to co-create an alternative life story. Clients are asked to find evidence to support a new view of themselves as being competent enough to escape the dominance of a problem and are encouraged to consider what kind of future could be expected from the competent person that is emerging.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q17

Q17. Psychotherapy integration Psychotherapy integration can be defined as an attempt to look beyond the confines of single-school approaches to see what can be learned from other perspectives (Stricker, 1994). It is characterized by an openness to various ways of integrating diverse theories and techniques. 

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q16

Q16. Multiple family group therapy
Multiple Family Group Therapy (MFGT), initially developed by Dr. H. Peter Laqueur in his work with hospitalized schizophrenic patients in the 1950's, emerged as a form of intervention adjunct to the treatment of serious mental disorders with biological basis.

It involves working with a collection of families in a group setting. MFGT combines the power of group process with the systems focus of family therapy and is suited to work with families facing similar problems (schizophrenia, chemical dependence, domestic violence, sexual abuse etc.)

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q15

Q15. Multimodal therapy
The most influential and important integrative approach that is representative of technical eclecticism is multimodal therapy, described by Arnold Lazarus in 1992. It was derived from his experiences as a behavior therapist, and his follow-up studies of patients who relapsed after seemingly successful behavioral treatment.

He found that most behavioral problems had extensive psychological and social causes and correlates. Seeking to expand the range of his ability to work in a more “broad spectrum” way, Lazarus arrived at a multimodal, or broad-based, eclectic therapy.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q14

Q14. Self-monitoring Self-monitoring requires clients to be mindful of the “what,” “where,” “when,” and “why” of the behavior they have targeted for change and to keep a careful and detailed record of their thoughts, feelings, actions and their environment at the moment that behavior occurred. Clients are also asked to keep track of the antecedents and consequences of their behaviors. 
It is useful when direct observation by another party is limited or not possible. 

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q13

Q13. Counter conditioning
A classical conditioning procedure in which a stimulus that formerly elicited one response (e.g., pleasure) is conditioned to elicit a different response (e.g., nausea). Sometimes used in the treatment of paraphilias and substance use disorders.

Basically, it involves weakening or eliminating an undesired response by introducing and strengthening a second response that is incompatible with it.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q12

Q12. Negative Punishment
Negative punishment occurs when the removal or prevention of delivery of a stimulus, termed a negative punisher, weakens the behavior that produced this consequence. In contrast to positive punishment that occurs when the presentation of a stimulus, termed a positive punisher, weakens the behavior that caused this consequence to occur.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q11

Q11. Defining features of short term therapies Short-term therapy, is a generic label for any form of therapy in which time is an explicit element in treatment planning.

Defining features:

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q10

Q10. Existential therapy Existential therapy reacts against the tendency to view therapy as a system of well-defined techniques; it affirms looking at those unique characteristics that make us human and building therapy on them. It focuses on exploring themes such as mortality, freedom, responsibility, self-determination, anxiety, and aloneness, as these relate to a person’s current struggle.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q9

Q9. Technical neutrality Neutrality was first formally defined by Anna Freud (1936, p. 28), who said that in doing his work the analyst "takes his stand at a point equidistant from the id, the ego, and the superego." Offering what is perhaps the most comprehensive formulation of neutrality that has appeared to date, Schafer lists six characteristics of the neutral position: 

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q8

Q8. Discuss the importance of psychotherapies with reference to cancer and AIDS patients.
As treatment for cancer has become more effective, it is better thought of as a chronic rather than a terminal illness. However, it is a progressive disease, and approximately half of all people diagnosed with cancer will eventually die of it. On the other hand, the treatment of AIDS is still being researched. The patients of both these and other terminally-ill diseases need care. Care is “the process of helping ill people with cancer and AIDS live as well and as long as possible.”

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q7

Q7. What do you understand by attachment based interventions? Discuss the technique used in attachment based interventions.
Attachment-based interventions are based on attachment theory, originated by John Bowlby. These range from individual therapeutic approaches to public health programs to interventions specifically designed for foster cares.
Following are approaches used by mainstream attachment theorists and clinicians aimed at infants or children who have developed or are at risk of developing less desirable, insecure attachment styles or an attachment disorder.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q6

Q6. What are the basic features of solution focused therapy? Discuss the treatment principles of solution focused therapy.
Steve deShazer conceptualized therapy as a search for solutions rather than an exploration and analysis of problems. This solution-focused approach, can be readily adapted to the single-session framework.
By focusing on client goals and quickly initiating a search for imagined or experienced exceptions to client patterns, solution-focused therapists are able to quickly move treatment to an action phase, greatly abbreviating the change process.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q5

Q5. Discuss the process of cognitive behaviour therapies.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy is an action-oriented form of psychosocial therapy that assumes that maladaptive, or faulty, thinking patterns cause maladaptive behavior and "negative" emotions. The treatment focuses on changing an individual's thoughts (cognitive patterns) in order to change his or her behavior and emotional state.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q4

Q4. Discuss the techniques used in interpersonal therapy.
It is the focus on extra-therapeutic interpersonal relationships rather than any particular intervention which characterizes IPT. Not surprisingly, given its psychodynamic roots, IPT incorporates a number of “traditional” psychotherapeutic methods, such as exploration, clarification, and even some directive techniques.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q3

Q3. What are the goals of client centered therapy? Discuss the process adopted in client centered therapy.
Client-centered therapy differs from other forms of therapy because client-centered therapy does not focus on therapeutic techniques. What's most important in client-centered therapy is the quality of the relationship between the therapist and the client.

Client-centered therapy was not intended for a specific age group or subpopulation, but has been used to treat a broad range of people. It has been applied for use with people suffering from depression, anxiety, alcohol disorders, cognitive dysfunction, schizophrenia, and personality disorders.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q2

Q2. Discuss the concept and applications of behaviour modification. What are the various methods used in behaviour modification? Explain with suitable examples.
Behavior modification is the use of empirically demonstrated behavior change techniques to increase or decrease the frequency of behaviors, such as altering an individual's behaviors and reactions to stimuli through positive and negative reinforcement of adaptive behavior and/or the reduction of behavior through its extinction, punishment and/or satiation.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE013 >> Q1

Q1. Discuss the basic tenets of psychoanalytic therapy. How do neo-psychoanalytic models differ from Freud’s psychoanalysis?
Psychoanalytic or psychodynamic psychotherapy draws on theories and practices of analytical psychology and psychoanalysis. It is a therapeutic process which helps patients understand and resolve their problems by increasing awareness of their inner world and its influence over relationships both past and present. It differs from most other therapies in aiming for deep seated change in personality and emotional development.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE012 >> Q18

Q18. ‘Pull’ of TAT Cards
The TAT cards tend to draw certain patterns of response that constitute their “card pull”. Some key aspects of card pull are:


most people take note of certain features of each card e.g. the violin in Card (1), but rarely mention certain other features e.g. the horse in Card (2). TAT pictures commonly suggest certain themes or plots in the stories that are told to them.many of the pictures remind people of issues in their lives (e.g.. parent-child relationships) or particular concerns they have e.g. managing anger. 

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE012 >> Q17

Q17. Rorschach Inkblot Method
Rorschach test is a psychometric tool that uses a series of inkblots shown to a subject, and elicits verbal responses as to what the individual sees in the images.

It consists of ten symmetrical inkblots. The cards are presented individually and in a set order. Subject is instructed to report what the figures resemble or suggest to him. Responses to each card are recorded verbatim and reaction times are noted. Then an inquiry is conducted where the subject identifies the characteristics of the stimuli which affected his associations. Subject responses are used to determine a set of variables, which are used to define their personality along a set of various axes. Various aspects of responses are scored ex: location, relative size of the blot area, use of color and shading, presence of movement etc.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE012 >> Q16

Q16. The Edwards Personal Preference Schedule
Developed by psychologist and University of Washington professor Allen L. Edwards, the Edwards Personal Preference Schedule (EPPS) is a forced choice, objective, non-projective personality inventory. The target audience in between the ages of 16-85 and takes about 45 minutes to complete.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE012 >> Q15

Q15. Sentence Completion Test
Sentence completion tests (Ex: Rotter & Wilierman 1947) are a class of semi-structured projective techniques. Sentence completion tests typically provide respondents with beginnings of sentences, referred to as “stems,” and respondents then complete the sentences in ways that are meaningful to them. The responses are believed to provide indications of attitudes, beliefs, motivations, or other mental states. It enables the respondents to disclose their concealed feelings.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE012 >> Q14

Q14. DSM IV-TR
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA), offers a common language and standard criteria for the classification of mental disorders. It is used, or relied upon, by clinicians, researchers, psychiatric drug regulation agencies, health insurance companies, pharmaceutical companies, the legal system, and policy makers.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE012 >> Q13

Q13. BRIEF-P
The BRIEF-P is the first standardized rating scale designed to specifically measure the range of behavioral manifestations of executive function in preschool-aged children--thus facilitating intervention at earlier stages of development.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE012 >> Q12

Q12. SOI
Sociosexuality as a concept was introduced by Alfred Kinsey to describe differences in individuals’ tendency to engage in uncommitted sexual relationships.

Simpson and Gangestad constructed the Sociosexual Orientation Inventory (SOI) in 1991. The SOI was constructed as a one dimensional bipolar measure that consisted of 7 items regarding past sexual behaviors, expected number of future sexual partners, frequency of sexual fantasies, and attitudes toward casual sex.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE012 >> Q11

Q11. Raven’s Progressive Matrices
Raven's Progressive Matrices (often referred to simply as Raven's Matrices) are multiple choice intelligence tests of abstract reasoning, originally developed by Dr. John C. Raven in 1936. In each test item, the subject is asked to identify the missing item that completes a pattern. Many patterns are presented in the form of a 4x4, 3x3, or 2x2 matrix, giving the test its name.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE012 >> Q10

Q10. Mismatched validity
If the tests are not well-matched to the task, individual, and situation at hand, we will have a case of mismatched validity.

Some tests are useful in diverse situations, but no test works well for all tasks with all people in all situations. In his classic 1967 article, Gordon Paul helped psychotherapists move away from the oversimplified search for effective therapies toward a more difficult but meaningful question: "What treatment, by whom, is most effective for this individual with that specific problem, and under which set of circumstances?"

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE012 >> Q9

Q9. Types of direct observation
Direct observation techniques involve obtaining actual samples of the individual’s behavior (Cohen & Swerdik, 2002).

The various types of direct observation are as follows:

Naturalistic observation: involve viewing the individual’s behavior in real-life settings (e.g, psychiatric hospitals, work settings, and classrooms).Controlled observations: involve evaluating behavior in more structured situations (i.e, a laboratory room.) Role playing: which combines the naturalistic and controlled observational method, involves a person playing an assigned role for the purpose of assessing the individual’s behavior in various situations

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE012 >> Q8

Q8. What is implicit memory? Elucidate the tests of implicit memory.
Implicit Memory Implicit memory ("non-declarative" memory) is a type of long-term memory in which previous experiences aid the performance of a task without their conscious awareness. This memory isn't easy to verbalize, since it flows effortlessly in our actions.

Procedural Memory - type of implicit memory that enables us to carry out commonly learned tasks like riding a bike, tying a shoe and washing dishes without consciously thinking about them. It's our "how to" knowledge.

Priming - a process whereby subjects are measured by how they have improved their performance on tasks for which they have been subconsciously prepared. You are "primed" by your experiences; if you have heard something very recently, or many more times than another thing, you are primed to recall it more quickly. In the brain, the neural pathways representing things we have experienced more often are more…

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE012 >> Q7

Q7. Differentiate between descriptive assessment and predictive assessment.
Assessment in psychology refers to the process of identification of ‘abnormal’ behavior from ‘normal’ behavior so that appropriate classification of the individual can be arrived at and necessary interventions can be made. There are four clinical purposes of assessment – Descriptive assessment, Discriminative assessment, Predictive assessment and Evaluative assessment.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE012 >> Q6

Q6. Explain Torrance Test of Creativity Thinking.
Dr. E. Paul Torrance, “Father of Creativity,” is best known for developing the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking (TTCT). It was developed in 1966 building on J.P. Guilford's  SOI assessments. It has been translated into more than 35 languages (Millar, 2002), is the most widely used test of creativity (Davis, 1997) and is the most referenced of all creativity tests (Lissitz & Willhoft, 1985).

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE012 >> Q5

Q5. Elucidate Wechsler Scales for children. David Wechsler supported the definition of intelligence as a global entity. He developed the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC) which belongs to the category of tests not derived from theory. The Fifth Edition (WISC-V) is the most current version.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE012 >> Q4

Q4. Discuss psychological assessment for conducting and evaluating therapy.
Psychological testing/assessment is a way to quickly determine the nature and extent of problems, help clarify diagnoses, determine abilities and limitations, and help make decisions about coping abilities. A thorough psychological assessment can also provide information needed to help develop an effective therapeutic treatment program or intervention plan for a client. It helps in the processes of both conducting therapy and evaluating therapy as discussed below.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE012 >> Q3

Q3. Discuss in detail the different stages of psychological assessment.
Psychological assessment is a process of testing that uses a combination of techniques to help arrive at some hypotheses about a person and their behavior, personality and capabilities. The process involves various stages or steps as outlined below. A psychological assessment can be most useful when it addresses specific individual problems and provides guidelines for decision making regarding these problems. Therefore, throughout these phases, psychologist integrates data and serves as an expert on human behavior rather than merely an interpreter of test scores.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE012 >> Q2

Q2. Present an overview of tests measuring conceptual thinking.
Tests of conceptual thinking differ from most other mental tests in that they focus on the quality or process of thinking more than the content of the response. Many of these tests have no ‘right’ or ‘wrong’ answers. Their scores stand for qualitative judgements of the extent to which the response was abstract or concrete, complex or simple, apt or irrelevant. Tests with right and wrong answers belong in the category of tests of abstract conceptualization to the extent that they provide information about how the patient thinks.

Patients with moderate to severe focal or multiple lesions or with significant diffuse injury tend to do poorly on all tests of abstract thinking, regardless of their mode of presentation or channel of response. However, patients with mild, modality specific, or subtle organic defects may not engage in concrete thinking generally, but only on those tasks that directly involve an impaired modality,…

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE012 >> Q1

Q1. Describe the various sources for psychological assessment.
Psychological assessment comprises a variety of procedures that are employed in diverse ways to achieve numerous purposes. Assessment has sometimes been equated with testing, but the assessment process goes beyond merely giving tests. Psychological assessment involves integrating information gleaned not only from test protocols, but also from interview responses, behavioral observations, collateral reports, and historical documents. Listed below are the various sources for Psychological Assessment:

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE011 >> Q18

Q18. Narcissistic Personality Disorder Individuals with narcissistic personality disorder show an exaggerated sense of self-importance, a preoccupation with being admired, and a lack of empathy for the feelings of others (Pincus & Lukowitsky, 2010; Ronningstam, 2005, 2009). Numerous studies support the notion of two subtypes of narcissism: grandiose and vulnerable narcissism (Cain et al., 2008, Ronningstam, 2005).

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE011 >> Q17

Q17. Reformatory Paranoia The chief feature of paranoia is a permanent delusion, and delusion can be of many kinds. Hence, kinds of paranoia have been distinguished on the basis of kinds of delusions. Reformatory paranoia is a type of paranoia in which the individual has a delusion that he is a great reformer/curator. He believes that everyone around is suffering from a dangerous disease or lack of understanding. As their reformer, his goal is to free the others from this disease or lack of understanding.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE011 >> Q16

Q16. Hallucinations A hallucination is a sensory experience that seems real to the person having it, but occurs in the absence of any external perceptual stimulus. The word comes from the Latin verb hallucinere or allucinere, meaning to “wander in mind” or “idle talk” (Aleman & Larøi, 2008). 

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE011 >> Q15

Q15. Postpartum psychosis Postpartum psychosis (or puerperal psychosis) is a term that covers a group of mental illnesses with the sudden onset of psychotic symptoms following childbirth.
These psychoses are endogenous, heritable illnesses with acute onset, benign episodic course and response to mood-normalizing and mood-stabilizing treatments. The onset is abrupt, and symptoms rapidly reach a climax of severity.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE011 >> Q14

Q14. Psychoeducation Psychoeducation refers to the education offered to individuals with a mental health condition and their families to help empower them and deal with their condition in an optimal way. It helps individuals with schizophrenia, clinical depression, anxiety disorders, psychotic illnesses, eating disorders, and personality disorders. 

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE011 >> Q13

Q13. Substance Abuse Substance-Abuse is a maladaptive pattern of substance use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress, as manifested by one (or more) of the following, occurring within a 12-month period: 1. recurrent substance use resulting in a failure to fulfil major role obligations at work, school, or home  2. recurrent substance use in situations in which it is physically hazardous  3. recurrent substance-related legal problems  4. continued substance use despite having persistent or recurrent social or interpersonal problems caused or exacerbated by the effects of the substance 

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE011 >> Q12

Q12. Amnesia Amnesia (from Greek ἀμνησία from ἀ- meaning "without" and μνήμη memory), also known as amnesic syndrome, is a deficit in memory. The memory can be either wholly or partially lost. And it may be due to organic brain disorders like dementia or psychiatric conditions like dissociation. 

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE011 >> Q11

Q11. Behaviour  Modification Behavior modification is the traditional term for the use of empirically demonstrated behavior change techniques to increase or decrease the frequency of behaviors. The purpose behind behavior modification is not to understand why or how a particular behavior started. Instead, it only focuses on changing the behavior, and there are various different methods used to accomplish it. This includes:

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE011 >> Q10

Q10. Axis IV of DSM-IV TR Axis IV is for reporting psychosocial and environmental problems that may affect the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of mental disorders (Axes I and II). 
A psychosocial or environmental problem may be a negative life event, an environmental difficulty or deficiency, a familial or other interpersonal stress, an inadequacy of social support or personal resources, or other problem relating to the context in which a person's difficulties have developed. 

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE011 >> Q9

Q9. Asperger syndrome It is named after Austrian pediatrician Hans Asperger who, in 1944, studied and described children who lacked nonverbal communication skills, demonstrated limited empathy with their peers, and were physically clumsy.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE011 >> Q8

Q8. Types of delusional disorder Delusional disorder refers to a condition associated with one or more non-bizarre delusions of thinking - such as expressing beliefs that occur in real life such as being poisoned, being stalked, being loved or deceived, or having an illness, provided no other symptoms of schizophrenia are exhibited. As per DSM V, the various types of delusional disorders are:
Erotomanic type: In this type, the central theme of the delusion is that another person is in love with the individual. The person about whom this conviction is held is usually of higher status (e.g., a famous individual or a superior at work) but can be a complete stranger. Efforts to contact the object of the delusion are common. 

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE011 >> Q7

Q7. Body Dysmorphic Disorder Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD), also known as body dysmorphia or dysmorphic syndrome, but originally termed dysmorphophobia, is a mental disorder characterized by an obsessive preoccupation that some aspect of one's own appearance is severely flawed and warrants exceptional measures to hide or fix it. The DSM-5 categorizes BDD in the obsessive–compulsive spectrum, and distinguishes it from anorexia nervosa.
Diagnostic Criteria Criterion A: Individuals with body dysmorphic disorder (formerly dysmorphophobia) are preoccupied with one or more perceived defects or flaws in their physical appearance, which they believe look ugly, unattractive, abnormal, or deformed. The perceived flaws are not observable or appear only slight to other individuals.  Preoccupations can focus on one or many body areas. Any body area can be the focus of concern. Some individuals are concerned about perceived asymmetry of body areas.  The preoccupations are intrusive, unwanted,…

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE011 >> Q6

Q6. Depersonalisation Disorder Depersonalization disorder is one of a group of conditions called dissociative disorders. Dissociative disorders are mental illnesses that involve disruptions or breakdowns of memory, consciousness, awareness, identity, and/or perception. When one or more of these functions is disrupted, symptoms can result.
Diagnostic Criteria A. The presence of persistent or recurrent experiences of depersonalization, derealization, or both: Depersonalization: Experiences of unreality, detachment, or being an outside observer with respect to one’s thoughts, feelings, sensations, body, or actions (e.g., perceptual alterations, distorted sense of time, unreal or absent self, emotional and/or physical numbing). Derealization: Experiences of unreality or detachment with respect to surroundings (e.g., individuals or objects are experienced as unreal, dreamlike, foggy, lifeless, or visually distorted).

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE011 >> Q5

Q5. Parenting styles A parenting style is a psychological construct representing standard strategies that parents use in their child rearing. The quality of parenting is far more essential than the quantity of time spent with the child. Parenting styles are the representation of how parents respond and demand to their children.

Some potential causes of these differences include culture, personality, family size, parental background, socioeconomic status, educational level, and religion.

During the early 1960s, psychologist Diana Baumrind conducted a study on more than 100 preschool-age children (Baumrind, 1967). Using naturalistic observation, parental interviews and other research methods, she identified four important dimensions of parenting: Disciplinary strategies, Warmth and nurturance, Communication styles and Expectations of maturity and control.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE011 >> Q4

Q4. Childhood depression The fact that a child feels sad, lonely, or irritable does not mean he or she has childhood depression. Childhood depression is persistent sadness. When it occurs, the child feels alone, hopeless, helpless, and worthless. When this type of sadness is unending, it disrupts every part of the child's life. It interferes with the child's daily activities, schoolwork, and peer relationships. It can also affect the life of each family member.
Causes  It could be caused by any combination of factors that relate to physical health, life events, family history, environment, genetic vulnerability, and biochemical disturbance.

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE011 >> Q3

Q3. Describe the diagnostic features, causes and treatment of Schizoid personality disorder.
Schizoid personality disorder (SPD) is a personality disorder characterized by a lack of interest in social relationships, a tendency towards a solitary lifestyle, secretiveness, emotional coldness, and apathy.

Affected individuals may simultaneously demonstrate a rich, elaborate and exclusively internal fantasy world. They may demonstrate significant creativity, particularly in the areas of fiction writing[citation needed] and visual arts.

Diagnostic Features

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE011 >> Q2

Q2. Explain bipolar disorders. Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. Symptoms of bipolar disorder are severe. They can result in damaged relationships, poor job or school performance, and even suicide.

Diagnosis Doctors diagnose bipolar disorder using guidelines from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). To be diagnosed with bipolar disorder, the symptoms must be a major change from your normal mood or behavior. There are four basic types of bipolar disorder:
1. Bipolar I Disorder—defined by manic or mixed episodes that last at least seven days, or by manic symptoms that are so severe that the person needs immediate hospital care. Usually, depressive episodes occur as well, typically lasting at least 2 weeks.
2. Bipolar II Disorder—defined by a pattern of depressive episodes and hypomanic episodes, but no full-bl…

IGNOU Corner >> Solved Assignments >> MPCE011 >> Q1

Q1. Discuss humanistic approach in relation to psychopathology. The humanistic paradigm argues that human behavior is the product of free will, the view that we control, choose, and are responsible for our actions. In many respects, this stance is a reaction against determinism, the scientific assumption that human behavior is caused by potentially knowable factors (a position held by the other paradigms).

Humanistic Approach Jung and Adler broke sharply with Freud. Their fundamental disagreement concerned the very nature of humanity. Freud portrayed life as a battleground where we are continually in danger of being overwhelmed by our darkest forces. Jung and Adler, by contrast, emphasized the positive, optimistic side of human nature. Jung talked about setting goals, looking toward the future, and realizing one’s fullest potential.

Adler believed that human nature reaches its fullest potential when we contribute to the welfare of other individuals and to society as a whole. He believ…

Thematic Apperception Test >> Conduction Kit v1.0

Rorschach's Inkblot Test >> Conduction Kit v1.0

IGNOU Corner >> Reference Books >> 2nd Year >> Counselling Psychology

The following list has been compiled for the 2nd year Counselling Psychology students of IGNOU MAPC. In case you know of some other book that may be relevant for these subjects or suggested by your professors/academic counselors, please leave a comment with the details.
Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative Approach by David H. Barlow and Vincent Mark Durand (Click for eBook)Abnormal Psychology by James N. Butcher, Jill M. Hooley and Susan M. MinekaAbnormal Psychology by Philip C. Kendall and Constance HammenEssential Psychiatry by Robin M. Murray, Kenneth S. Kendler, Peter McGuffin, Simon Wessely and David J. CastleEssentials of Abnormal Psychology by David H. Barlow and Vincent Mark Durand (Click for eBook)Introduction to Counseling and Guidance by Robert L. Gibson and Mariance H. MitchellKaplan and Sadock's Synopsis of Psychiatry (Click for eBook)Psychiatry Made Easy by T Anbu (Click for eBook)*click on the links to go to eBooks/previews

IGNOU Corner >> Reference Books >> 2nd Year >> Clinical Psychology

IGNOU Corner >> Reference Books >> 1st Year

The reference books, suggested by IGNOU MAPC academic counselors at Jesus and Mary college, New Delhi are listed below:

General books:
Psychology by Robert A. Baron (free preview)Introduction to Psychology by Clifford T. Morgan, Richard A. King, John R. Weisz, John Schopler (free preview)Psychology by Saundra K. Ciccarelli and Glenn E. Meyer (free preview)NCERT Class XIth book (free ebNCERT Class XIIth bookDictionaries:

APA Dictionary of Psychology
Subject-wise reference books:
MPC-001 Cognitive Psychology, Learning and Memory Use general books, as listed aboveMPC-002 Life Span Psychology Child Development by Laura E. BerkMPC-003 Personality: Theories and Assessment Theories of Personality by Calvin Springer Hall, Gardner LindzeyUse general books, as listed aboveMPC-004 Advanced Social Psychology Social Psychology by Robert A. Baron, Nyla R. Branscombe, Donn R. Byrne, Gopa Bhardwaj (free preview)MPC-005 Research MethodsTests, Measurements and Research Methods in Behavioural Sciences by A …

Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy By Gerald Corey (eBook)

Person-Centred Therapy: 100 Key Points By Paul Wilkins (eBook)

Significant Aspects of Client-Centered Therapy By Carl R. Rogers (free)

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Person-Centred Therapy: A Clinical Philosophy By Keith Tudor, Mike Worrall (eBook)

Core Approaches in Counselling and Psychotherapy By Fay Short, Phil Thomas (eBook)

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - DSM 5 by American Psychiatric Association (free eBook)

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IGNOU Corner >> Exams >> Question Paper Pattern Analysis >> MPCE013 - Psychotherapeutic Methods

IGNOU Corner >> Exams >> Question Paper Pattern Analysis >> MPCE012 - Psychodiagnostics

IGNOU Corner >> Exams >> Question Paper Pattern Analysis >> MPCE011 - Pscychopathology

Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 3e by Robert Goodman and Stephen Scott (free eBook)

Clinical Psychology: Assessment, Treatment, and Research edited by David C.S. Richard, Steven K. Huprich (eBook)

The International Handbook of Psychology edited by Kurt Pawlik, Mark R Rosenzweig (eBook)

Neuropsychological Assessment By Muriel Deutsch Lezak (eBook)

Comprehensive Handbook of Psychological Assessment: Intellectual and Neuropsychological Assessment edited by Michel Hersen (eBook)

Encyclopedia of Psychological Assessment edited by Rocio Fernandez-Ballesteros (eBook)

IGNOU Corner >> Templates >> Assignment Sheets

Crash Course in Psychology >> Episode 40 - Aggression vs. Altruism

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Crash Course in Psychology >> Episode 39 - Prejudice & Discrimination

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Crash Course in Psychology >> Episode 38 - Social Influence

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Crash Course in Psychology >> Episode 37 - Social Thinking

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Crash Course in Psychology >> Episode 36 - Biomedical Treatments

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Crash Course in Psychology >> Episode 35 - Getting Help: Psychotherapy

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Crash Course in Psychology >> Episode 34 - Personality Disorders

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Crash Course in Psychology >> Episode 33 - Eating & Body Dysmorphic Disorders

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Crash Course in Psychology >> Episode 32 - Schizophrenia & Dissociative Disorders

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IGNOU Corner >> Exams >> Results

In case the page below does not open, you can visit this link to check your results.



Crash Course in Psychology >> Episode 31 - Trauma & Addiction

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Crash Course in Psychology >> Episode 30 - Depressive and Bipolar Disorders

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Crash Course in Psychology >> Episode 29 - OCD & Anxiety Disorders

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Crash Course in Psychology >> Episode 28 - Psychological Disorders

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Crash Course in Psychology >> Episode 27 - Let's Talk About Sex

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Crash Course in Psychology >> Episode 26 - Emotion, Stress and Health

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Crash Course in Psychology >> Episode 25 - Feeling all the Feels

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Crash Course in Psychology >> Episode 24 - Brains vs. Bias

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Crash Course in Psychology >> Episode 23 - Controversy of Intelligence

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Crash Course in Psychology >> Episode 22 - Measuring Personality

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Crash Course in Psychology >> Episode 21 - Rorschach & Freudians

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Crash Course in Psychology >> Episode 20 - Adolescence

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Crash Course in Psychology >> Episode 19 - Monkeys and Morality

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Crash Course in Psychology >> Episode 18 - The Growth of Knowledge

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Crash Course in Psychology >> Episode 17 - The Power of Motivation

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Crash Course in Psychology >> Episode 16 - Language

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Crash Course in Psychology >> Episode 15 - Cognition: How your Mind can Amaze and Betray You

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Crash Course in Psychology >> Episode 14 - Remembering and Forgetting

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Crash Course in Psychology >> Episode 13 - How we make Memories

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